Biography of Ferdowsi
Hakim-Abu-Al Qasim Ferdowsi is a acclaimed Persian artist and columnist of actual balladry book “Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi”. He was built-in apparently in 935 C.E (date of bearing is not conformed) in apple REGBAN adjacent breadth of Tus, Tahiran and died in 1040. Taimuri King Bayansfar Mirza writes that Ferdowsi was built-in in apple Shahdab adjacent breadth of Tus, Tahiran, Iran. However, it is a absoluteness that he was built-in in Tahiran. His pin-name was Ferdowsi and sur-name Abu Al Qasim. Father of Ferdowsi was a agriculturalist by profession. Wife of Ferdowsi was apparently community and came from the some farmers (DEHQAN) family. He was a son and a daughter. His son died at the age of 37. Ferdowsi mourned his son in a poem, which amid into Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi. He was the a lot of accepted artist of Ghaznavd era, who played a basic in adaptation of Iranian history and literature.
Motives abaft Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi
Some of the verses of Shahnameh reveals that Ferdowsi was a agriculturalist by profession in adolescent age. He was active with his ancestors appropriately in a garden of Tus (place). Ferdowsi completed the acclaimed book “Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi” in twenty-five years. It was a complete book of Persian history and literature. Ferdowsi’s concrete and banking action become aggravate until achievement of book. He anticipation that accolade of “Shahnameh” will use in authoritative affairs of his daughter.
Completion of Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi
Persian artist Nizami Orozi says that Ferdowsi wrote Shahnameh himself. Nizami added narrates that Ferdowsi completed the book in twenty-five years. Ferdowsi had accomplished to old age if he completed his book. Some of his accompany appropriate to present Shahnameh to Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi for reward. Ferdowsi presented his book in cloister of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. Sultan accepted the book and appear sixty thousand aureate bill accolade for Ferdowsi. The added poets of cloister (DARBAR) become anxious and started complains adjoin Ferdowsi. Sultan become affronted and afflicted the bulk of accolade into argent coins.
Re-action of Ferdowsi on Reward
Nizami Orozi writes that men of Sultan Mahmood delivered the bulk to Ferdowsi. If Ferdowsi came to apperceive that Sultan Mahmood has afflicted the bulk of accolade from sixty thousand aureate bill to argent coins. He became affronted and banned to acquire the amount. At that time, he was in a bath of alleviation shop. Ferdowsi became dishearten and accord the complete bulk of accolade to bath babysitter and appear out from alleviation shop.
Probable Affidavit abaft beneath Reward
The historians anecdotal afterward affidavit abaft beneath accolade of Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi:-
a. Ferdowsi criticized anxious aide poets in cloister of Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi in his poetry. Resultantly, the anxious poets fabricated observations on his balladry and complained adjoin Ferdowsi.
b. Some historians writes the bigoted differences amid Sultan Mahmood and Ferdowsi because Sultan follows Sunni camp admitting Ferdowsi follows Shia sect. However, it is not a accurate acumen because Hindu, Christians and Jewish poets were aswell present in the court.
c. Ferdowsi accepted aristocratic families and castes in Shahnameh, admitting Sultan accord to a Turk ancestors therefore, he did not yield absorption in poetry.
d. Ferdowsi anecdotal classical Persian history and classical Iranian kings in a befitting way in Shahnameh.
e. Ferdowsi has no adherent in the cloister of Sultan Mahmood.
Anyway, all aloft mentioned affidavit are not abundant to absolve beneath accolade from Sultan Mahmood for Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi. It is a big catechism mark on the amends of Sultan Mahmood forever.
Compensation of Reward
Once, Sultan Mahmood was abiding from an adventure. He saw a big alcazar of a Hindu Raja on the way. Sultan ordered to alarm the Raja to cloister to explain his big palace. Hassan Mohmand, abbot of Sultan replied by itself with a arrangement from a composition of Ferdowsi. Sultan Mahmood become blessed to apprehend the acknowledgment and asked for the columnist of poem. Hassan Mohmand replied that the columnist of this composition was adverse Ferdowsi who wrote Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi in twenty-five years. Sultan Mahmood feel accusable and ordered Hassan to admonish me on extensive to Ghazni.
Hassan reminded the bulk of accolade to Sultan Mahmood on extensive to Ghazni. Sultan appear sixty thousand aureate bill for Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi and adjustment to accord it to Ferdowsi at his home. The adumbrative took sixty thousand aureate bill and go to Ferdowsi’s home. Unfortunately, if the adumbrative accomplished to the home of Ferdowsi, he met with burial advance of Ferdowsi. At last, the adumbrative absitively to accord the bulk to his babe but his babe aswell banned to get it.
Patriotism of Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi was a patriot poet, who loves his country actual much. He explained Iran in acceptable words in Shahnameh-e-Ferdowsi. He was accommodating to cede aggregate for Iran. Whereas, added aide poets of Ferdowsi accepted Sultan Mahmood in their poetry. Ferdowsi consistently presented accolade to Iran in his poetry. Ferdowsi was accommodating to cede even Gaznavi court, Hindustan and his job with Sultan Mahmood on Iran. He explained Iranian’s defeats in his balladry with abundant affliction and sorrow, which shows his absolute adulation and bellicism with Iran and Iranians.